This Study offers insights into the meanings and practices of Value-based Education in Kenya. It concludes that a culture of values and ethics is largely absent in Kenyan primary schools, noting multiple disconnects between theory and practice. While the Kenyan Constitution 2010 provides guidance on national values, the Study found that their operationalization within and across schools was inconsistent. There were notable omissions in the primary school curriculum: Values like integrity, fairness, tolerance, respect for others and human rights were not explicit in the general objectives of primary education. There was a big difference between pupils and teachers on their perceptions of the extent to which these values were being emphasized in schools. Additionally, integration of values in different subjects and classes were neither systematic nor progressive. The curriculum and school practices failed to recognize the interconnectedness of values; that acquisition of one can lay the basis for learning another, and that inculcation of values requires positive reinforcement.

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Value Based Education Summary Report

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Value Based Education Synthesis Report

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The Study contends that the examination focus of the education system is a major deterrent to the development of a culture of values and ethics in and through schools. It argues that the absence of values and ethical practices is the common denominator associating acts of corruption, criminality and terrorism in the wider society on the one hand, and cultures of violence, abuse and impunity in educational institutions on the other. Education policy makers, opinion leaders and implementers must recognize these inter-linkages in order to address challenges confronting contemporary society, both Kenyan and global.

The Report strongly recommends:

a) 1 Adoption of a whole school approach where the teaching and learning of positive values is seamless and reflected in the ethos of the school.
b) 2 Integration of four core values ---Respect, Tolerance, Equality and Peace---into the curriculum at all levels of education, including early learning and teacher training.
c) 3 Elimination of the culture of “mean score” and “certification”
d) 4 Enforcement of policies and laws incorporating the four core values and reviewing school rules and regulations to align with the values and principles stipulated in the Kenyan Constitution.
e) 5 Intensification of parental education and community sensitization through partnership with civil society and faith-based organizations on Value-based Education and with an emphasis on the core values.

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To achieve the above stated goals, WERK has been working with in partnership with likeminded organizations with a view to having a vibrant and community of practice. The core team is made up of the following organizations: